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Position Paper on Key Mining Reforms in Zimbabwe

The emerging resource governance thinking emphasise norms, institutions and processes that determine how power and responsibilities are exercised, how decisions are taken and how citizens participate in the management of resources to enhance transparency in the co-production of development outcomes. Sound natural resources governance, characterised by transparent and accountable governance policy and legislative frameworks, is increasingly seen as vital in contributing to national development.

This section engages policy and legal instruments governing the management of mineral resources in Zimbabwe. It examines governance deficits within the existing policies governing the mineral resources sector. Notably, the mines and minerals act is out-dated, while the product of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act- the Community Share Ownership Trusts (CSOTs) are fraught with legal vagueness and weak accountability mechanisms. Both large-scale and in particular Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASSM) operations suffer transparent and accountable governance deficits. The section draws from internal lessons from international polices and instruments. Key recommendations are proffered for policy and legislative reforms.

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This article was originally published on the website of the Centre for Research  and Development in December 2015.

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